Private 5G vs. Private LTE: What Canadian Businesses Should Opt For

Red-and-white base station actively transmitting 5G and LTE signals for internet and mobile communications.
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As a decision-maker, you understand that staying connected is necessary in the rapidly changing business world. You know that every email, every video conference, and every data transfer plays a crucial role in your business’s success. But with so many options, how do you choose the right network for your needs?

Private 5G and Private LTE are more than just buzzwords; they’re essential technologies for modern businesses. While both have their merits, Private 5G stands out as the superior option in many ways, offering faster speeds, lower latency, and advanced security features. 

This guide breaks down the jargon and gives you a clear, easy-to-understand comparison of 5G and LTE. We’ll delve into their key features, discuss their pros and cons, and provide real-world examples of how Canadian businesses leverage these technologies.

Understanding 5G and LTE

What is Private LTE?

Think of LTE (Long Term Evolution) as the reliable workhorse of wireless technology. It’s been around for a while, and most of us use it daily to browse the web, stream videos, and send emails on our smartphones. But when we talk about Private LTE, we’re talking about a dedicated network exclusively for your business.

Private LTE offers connectivity that only your company’s devices can connect to. It provides secure, reliable connectivity, making it a popular choice for businesses across Canada.

What is Private 5G?

Now, let’s talk about 5G. It’s the newcomer in the world of networks, promising lightning-fast speeds and the ability to connect more devices at once. Like Private LTE, Private 5G gives you your own dedicated network. But it goes a step further, offering even faster speeds and lower latency (the delay before a data transfer begins following an instruction for its transfer).

Here’s where it gets interesting: Private 5G operates on various spectrum bands, each with its advantages:

  • Low-band Spectrum: Below 1 GHz, this band offers extensive coverage but at the cost of speed. It’s great for rural areas where the signal needs to travel long distances.
  • Mid-band Spectrum: Ranging from 1 GHz to 6 GHz, this is the Goldilocks zone. It offers a balanced mix of speed and coverage. Many countries, including Canada, are focusing on the 3.3 GHz to 3.8 GHz range for 5G deployment.
  • High-band Spectrum: Also known as millimeter-wave, this spectrum starts at 24 GHz and goes up. It provides incredibly fast speeds but over shorter distances. It’s ideal for urban areas and specific use-cases like stadiums or conference centers.

It’s a straight-up upgrade over LTE, where your data doesn’t just travel—it flies. That’s the promise of Private 5G. It’s designed to handle the heavy data demands of future technologies, making it a forward-thinking choice for businesses ready to embrace the future, especially for IoT, SCADA, and Industry 4.0.

Comparing Private 5G and Private LTE for Businesses

When it comes to choosing between Private 5G and Private LTE, it’s not a one-size-fits-all situation. The best choice for your business depends on your specific needs and circumstances. 

Let’s take a closer look at some key factors.

Speed and Performance

In the speed race, Private 5G is the clear winner. It can offer speeds potentially up to 10 times faster than Private LTE. This means quicker data transfers, smoother video conferences, and the ability to use more data-intensive applications.

However, Private LTE is no slouch. It offers reliable, high-speed connectivity that is more than sufficient for many businesses. Private LTE could be a more cost-effective choice if your business doesn’t require the ultra-high speeds of 5G.


When it comes to security, both Private 5G and Private LTE shine. They offer secure, encrypted connections that help protect your business’s data. However, Private 5G has advanced security features, making it even more secure than Private LTE. If your business handles sensitive data, this could be a deciding factor.

Cost and Investment

Private 5G networks generally require a higher upfront investment than Private LTE networks. This is due to the newer technology and infrastructure used in 5G. However, the higher speeds and advanced features of 5G could lead to greater efficiency and cost savings in the long run.

Private LTE, a more mature technology, generally has lower upfront costs. If budget is a significant factor for your business, Private LTE might be the more attractive option.

Canadian Government’s Role in 5G Expansion

Canada’s government is stepping up. They’re championing 5G technology, making it more accessible for everyone. Small Internet service providers, innovative industries, and communities in rural and remote areas stand to benefit the most.

With this new policy, the government is making it easier for you to tap into the power of 5G. It’s a game-changer. 

François-Philippe Champagne, Minister of Innovation, Science and Industry, puts it this way: “Our government is making access to 5G spectrum easier to ensure that Canadians, especially those in rural and remote parts of our country, can benefit from these emerging technologies.”

So, as you weigh the pros and cons of Private LTE and Private 5G, remember this: The government is committed to expanding access to these technologies. It’s a commitment that could bring significant benefits to your operations.

Large cement plant in Canada, where 5G and LTE technologies can enhance operational efficiency and connectivity.

Private LTE and 5G: Transforming Business Operations

The applications can be similar whether you opt for LTE or 5G. But here’s the kicker: 5G can enable your business to do more, and on a larger scale, thanks to its superior speed and capacity. Let’s dive deeper.

Automation and Innovation

Picture this: you’re at the helm of a mining operation. With a private LTE/5G network, you can supercharge your digital capabilities:

  • New site exploration and prospecting: You’re no longer relying on guesswork. Advanced data analytics can help you identify potential mining sites and assess their viability.
  • IoT and analytics for predictive maintenance: Imagine being able to foresee equipment failures before they happen. That’s what real-time monitoring and predictive maintenance can do for you.
  • Air and water management: IoT sensors can help you monitor air quality and water usage. It’s about ensuring environmental compliance and sustainability.
  • Digital twins: Consider it a virtual clone of your physical assets. You can simulate, predict, and optimize your operations without disrupting real-world processes.
  • Augmented reality: AR isn’t just for gaming. In your hands, it’s a tool for training, remote assistance, and complex data visualization.

Autonomous Vehicles

Autonomous vehicles are no longer science fiction. They’re here, and they’re transforming industries like mining. With private LTE/5G networks, you can ensure seamless 24/7 operations:

  • Remote operations monitoring: You can oversee your operations from anywhere. It’s about reducing the need for on-site personnel and enhancing safety.
  • Autonomous drilling and hauling: Automating routine and dangerous tasks isn’t just about efficiency. It’s about keeping your workers safe.
  • AI decision-making and predictive alerts: AI algorithms can help you make data-driven decisions and send alerts about potential issues. 
  • Monitor vehicle tire wear and pressure: IoT sensors can help you keep tabs on vehicle health to prevent breakdowns before they happen.
  • Obstacle and collision avoidance: Advanced systems can detect and avoid obstacles, enhancing safety and preventing accidents.

Real-Time Monitoring

Real-time monitoring is crucial whether you’re operating in an open pit or underground mine. With private LTE/5G networks, you can achieve comprehensive situational awareness:

  • Industrial location tracking and geo-fencing: You can monitor the location of assets and personnel in real time.
  • IoT sensors: Sensors can help you monitor machines, vehicles, the environment, and workers’ safety so that you adopt a more proactive approach.
  • Analytics for video feeds: You can analyze video feeds for insights that allow you to enhance security and operational efficiency.
  • Data connectivity: Seamless data exchange between machinery, vehicles, staff, and IoT sensors can enable real-time decision-making.

Seamless Communication

Private LTE/5G networks aren’t just about data. They’re also about communication. They can ensure seamless communication, both above and underground:

  • Push-to-talk voice and video: Real-time voice and video communication can enhance collaboration and rapid incident response. It’s about keeping everyone connected.
  • Communication System redundancy: Redundant systems can ensure uninterrupted communication, enhancing reliability, even in the face of unexpected issues.

Making the Decision: 5G or LTE?

The choice between Private 5G and Private LTE is more than just a checkbox on your business’s tech list. It’s about selecting a digital ally for your business’s journey. 

Your business is one of a kind, and so are its connectivity demands. Picture your operations. Are you juggling a multitude of connected devices? Is real-time data the lifeblood of your decision-making? Are your operations nestled in a remote location? Grasping the unique needs of your business paves the way to an informed decision.

Additionally, technology is a swift current, and your business needs to swim, not sink. While LTE is a seasoned, dependable technology, 5G is the new wave, built to support emerging tech marvels like AI and IoT. 

Are you a decision-maker or business owner seeking guidance on choosing between Private LTE and Private 5G? Our experts at Galaxy Broadband are here to help. We can provide detailed insights into the costs, process, and more. Don’t navigate the complex world of wireless technology alone. Contact us today, and let’s explore the best connectivity solutions for your business together.

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